NO,  TO  JADZIEM  NA  BIELANY…

NO,  TO  JADZIEM  NA  BIELANY…

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NO, TO JADZIEM NA BIELANY…

Tytuł zaczerpnięty z popularnej piosenki Jaremy Stępowskiego najlepiej oddaje charakter artykułu. Od dziś będziemy spotykali się w każdym numerze  by zapoznać Państwa  z historią,  z ciekawostkami, z legendami itp. dotyczącymi dzielnicy Bielany  i najbliższych okolic.

PRADZIEJE BIELAN
Zacznijmy jednak od początku. Dzisiejsze Bielany to dawne wsie leżące niegdyś daleko poza granicami Warszawy, pośród nieprzebytej, prastarej Puszczy Mazowieckiej, do której to królowie polscy wybierali się na polowania. Spośród licznych wsi z tamtego okresu, do najbardziej zaludnionych i można by rzec zamożniejszych należały: Pólków, Buraków (dzisiejszy Marymont i Las Bielański), Słodowiec i Wawrzyszew. Pomiędzy nimi wiła się w mała rzeczka Rudawka, mająca niebagatelne znaczenie dla miejscowej gospodarki. Zasilała ona bowiem liczne młyny wodne, tartaki i stawy rybne. Nikt wtedy jeszcze nie słyszał o nazwie „Bielany”, istniała wprawdzie osada nadrzeczna, mieszkańcy której zajmowali się pozyskiwaniem piasku wiślanego, o charakterystycznym białym kolorze i w niektórych kronikach można znaleźć wzmianki o bielanach, bądź bielakach rzecznych.

TAJEMNICA KRÓLEWSKIEJ ALKOWY
I tak trwało aż do roku 1639, kiedy to król Władysław IV, jako wotum wdzięczności za zwycięstwo nad Moskwą, sprowadził spod Krakowa zakon kamedułów; ofiarowując im ziemię na Polkowej Górze. Początkowo, mnisi postawili drewnianą kaplicę, a od roku 1670 zaczęli wznosić obecny kościół p.w. Niepokalanego Poczęcia N.M.P. Powstała wtedy najpiękniejsza budowla barokowa w północnej części Warszawy. Kościół zbudowano na planie elipsy z sześcioma środkowymi kaplicami.  Wnętrze całkiem białe, zdobi je tylko rokokowa sztukateria. Po obu stronach prezbiterium znajdują się malowane na blasze portrety fundatorów kościoła: po prawej króla Jana Kazimierza i starosty nurskiego , a po lewej – Władysława IV i Michała Korybuta Wiśniowieckiego.

Zgodnie z dotychczasowymi informacjami, za portretem miała być urna z sercem króla, i druga z sercem jego matki. Jednak niedawno, naukowcy badając urny za tablicą odkryli, że nie jest to serce matki króla, lecz żony Krzysztofa Paca, kanclerza wielkiego litewskiego. I tak oto, dzięki dociekliwości współczesnej nauki, tajemnice królewskiej alkowy sprzed 300 lat wyszły na jaw.  Obok kościoła i na jego tyłach znajduje się zespół niewielkich domków zakonników tzw. eremów, z herbami fundatorów na fasadach. Pierwszy domek nosi herb królewski, z racji tej, iż w czasie wizyt królewskich, stawał się ich oficjalna siedzibą.  Po lewej (wschodniej) stronie zabytkowego kościoła warto zobaczyć nagrobek Stanisława Staszica, zmarłego w 1826 r. wielkiego polskiego uczonego. I to właśnie od białego koloru mnisich habitów zaczęto ten rejon nazywać Bielanami i tak zostało do dziś.

FESTYN NA BIELANACH
Z tym miejscem wiąże się również druga   tradycja, o której jest wzmianka w tytule artykułu. Jest to tzw. „Zielony Karnawał”, czyli odpusty i festyny z okazji Zielonych Świątek, organizowane przy kościele kamedułów, które przyczyniły się do popularyzacji Bielan wśród mieszkańców Warszawy. Zwyczaj ten powstał w 1673 roku, kiedy na Bielany uroczyście przeniesiono obraz św. Bonifacego z katedry warszawskiej. Była to wielka uroczystość z procesją, idącą z obrazem do brzegów Wisły, gdzie złożono go do przystrojonej krypy. Na Bielanach oczekiwał król Michał Korybut w otoczeniu dworu, rycerstwa, mieszczan i ludu. Po uroczystościach kościelnych, król wydał wielką ucztę i zabawę dla wszystkich obecnych. I tak, zwyczaj ten powtarzał się co roku, aż do 19 maja 1766 r., kiedy to odbyła się ogromna, pełna przepychu, zabawa publiczna, zorganizowana przez króla Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego.

W lesie wytyczono alejki i place, nad brzegiem rzeki postawiono ławki. Na głównym placu zabaw na jednym końcu zbudowano dla króla i dworu „pałac” z namiotami, na drugim końcu pobudowano rynek,  gdzie miał się bawić lud Warszawy. Przestrzegano jednak, by nikt niepowołany nie dostał się w lepsze sfery. I tak król bawił się razem z ludem. Od tej pory co roku król wyjeżdżał w Zielone Świątki na Bielany, a za nim kawalkada powozów możnowładztwa. Nawet podczas rozbiorów zwyczaj ten nie zaginął, co prawda zamiast króla i dworu bawił się sam lud warszawski . Bielany odzyskały świetność w czasach Księstwa Warszawskiego, ale już bez przepychu  czasów stanisławowskich. Raz tylko, w 1811 r. odbyła się wielka zabawa, gdy Napoleonowi urodził się syn.

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